Our Inclusive Heritage Timeline

Michigan State University was founded in 1855 on the ideals of democratizing higher education and knowledge — of making a world-class education accessible to all.

Now one of the top national and global research universities, Michigan State’s uncommon will for the common good is exemplified in the commitment to our core values of diversity, equity and inclusion.

Below are a few milestones that highlight the university’s heritage.

1819: Treaty of Saginaw

The land Michigan State’s main campus occupies was ceded by Indigenous people in the 1819 Treaty of Saginaw. These lands are the ancestral, traditional and contemporary lands of the Anishinaabeg —Three Fires Confederacy of Chippewa (Ojibwe), Ottawa (Odawa) and Potawatomi (Bodéwadmi) peoples. Land granted to benefit Michigan State in association with the Morrill Act was situated in both the Upper and Lower Peninsulas of Michigan, ceded in the 1819 treaty and two treaties in 1836. But because Michigan State operates in every county in Michigan, with programs, facilities and land across the state, we occupy or use land ceded in every treaty negotiated in Michigan between the late 1700s and early 1840s. Treaties like these were negotiated under duress and were often the result of coercion and violence. Loss of land diminished access to natural resources, and forcible relocation adversely affected Indigenous people’s well-being and cultures in significant ways that reverberate today.

Michigan Agricultural College map representing campus in 1857 with a modern map of Michigan State University indicating the location of the Native encampment.

A Michigan Agricultural College map representing campus in 1857 is overlaid with a modern map of Michigan State University. The rectangle at the bottom indicates the location of the Native encampment in 1857. The circle area indicates a pre-construction land survey from 1959.

1855: Opening doors

Michigan State University opened its doors as the Agricultural College of the State of Michigan. The institution was founded on the ideals of democratization of knowledge—empowering ordinary people through education that was good enough for the proudest yet open to the poorest, which soon became a model for the nation.

1855: Opening doors

1870: MSU welcomes women

Ten female students enrolled at what was then the State Agricultural College. Ranging in age from 16 to 23, they were among the first women admitted to any college in Michigan.

1870: MSU welcomes women

1873: International students enroll

Four international students enrolled at the institution: two students from Japan, one from Holland, and one from Canada. Early international students intended to use their education to improve agricultural practices in their native homeland.

1879: First woman graduate

Eva Diann Coryell became the first woman to graduate from the college. She majored in agriculture and fulfilled the same requirements as men, including labor.

1891: First female instructor

Linda E. Landon became the first female instructor at the State Agricultural College. She served as the librarian from 1891 to 1932 and taught English composition. Landon Hall is named in her honor.

1891: First female instructor

1904: First African American graduate

William O. Thompson from the class of 1904 was the first known African American graduate of what was then the State Agricultural College.

1907: First female African American graduate

Myrtle Craig (Mowbray) from the class of 1907 was the first African American woman to graduate from the institution, receiving a bachelor of science in home economics. She was handed her diploma by President Theodore Roosevelt, an honored guest visiting campus, and went on to pursue a career as an educator.

1907: First female African American graduate

1913: Athletes break barriers

Gideon “Charlie” Smith was one of the first two African American student-athletes in the country to play college football and one of the first to play professional football. He helped the MSU football team earn its first win against the University of Michigan in 1913. He was named to the Michigan State Athletics Hall of Fame in 1992.

1930s: Assistance for the visually impaired

As part of the university’s tradition of community outreach, the Campus Resource Center and the Tower Guard service organization launched a reading program for blind persons.

1939: Jewish student organization founded

The Hillel Jewish student organization and the Lester and Jewell Morris Hillel Jewish Student Center were founded at MSC.

1940s: Access for the disenfranchised

During the administration of President John Hannah, MSU became the first university in the nation to accept American-born Japanese students during WWII.

1945: The International Center opens

The International Center opened, serving as a meeting place for students from many countries. The current International Center was built in 1964 replacing older wooden buildings.

1945: The International Center opens

1948: First black faculty member appointed

David W. Dickson was appointed to the English department faculty. His course on the Bible as literature is remembered as one of the most popular offered by the department.

1953: History on the football field

Former Michigan State football player Willie Thrower became the first African American to play quarterback in the National Football League.

1956: A global university

International Programs was established and along with it the position of dean—the first such position in the country. Later renamed International Studies and Programs, the unit’s purpose was to initiate, coordinate, and otherwise support internationally-related activities throughout the university.

1957–1964: Hannah leads the Commission on Civil Rights

President Dwight D. Eisenhower named MSU President John Hannah as the first chairperson of the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights. The panel went on to hold high-profile public hearings around the country to bring civil rights violations in housing, voting, and education to light. Those activities paved the way for important laws seeking to guarantee equal rights under the law.

1957–1964: Hannah leads the Commission on Civil Rights

1965: Martin Luther King Jr. visits campus

On February 11, 1965, more than 4,000 students and community residents attended a campus visit and lecture by the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr., who came to MSU to kick off a fundraising drive for the Student Educational Project (STEP). The STEP program—the first all student-administered educational outreach program of its kind in the country—sent student and faculty volunteers during the summer of 1965 to assist Rust College in Holly Springs, Mississippi.

1965: Martin Luther King Jr. visits campus

1966: Game Changers - How MSU changed college football forever

The 1966 Michigan State University football team won a national championship, but its most important legacy was its role in the integration of college football.

Game Changers story and video

1970s: Anne E. Tracy starts MSU Libraries LGBTQ+ Special Collections

MSU Libraries LGBTQ+ Resources in Special Collections began collecting gay and lesbian material in the 1970s thanks to the work of bibliographer Anne E. Tracy and is one of the earliest academic libraries to start collecting LGBTQ+ material.

1967: First university ombudsperson appointed

MSU became the first university in the nation to appoint an ombudsperson who was charged with protecting student rights and responsibilities.

1970–77: MSU’s first African American president

Clifton R. Wharton was elected MSU’s 14th president, making him the first African American president of any major university in the United States.

1970–77: MSU’s first African American president

1972: Diversity in athletics administration

Three African American MSU administrators were the catalysts for the establishment of a Big Ten equal opportunity committee, encouraging the appointment of Blacks to administrative positions. Further recommendations were agreed to by MSU Executive Vice President Jack Breslin, encouraging the appointment of more black officials, coaches, and trainers in the Big Ten conference.

1972: A leading educator of women

MSU ranked first in the nation in the number of women enrolled on a single campus.


1972: A leading educator of women

1972: A voice for students with disabilities

MSU established the Office of Programs for Handicapper Students (now the Resource Center for Persons with Disabilities)—one of the first in the United States.

1972: A voice for students with disabilities

1972: MSU welcomes migrant workers

MSU trustees opened the door to sons and daughters of Michigan migrant workers by approving a plan that made students eligible for in-state tuition, provided their parents were employed for a minimum of two months each year for three of the past five years.

1972: Michigan State Gay Liberation Movement

The Alliance of Queer and Ally Students organization began in the early 1970s as the Michigan State Gay Liberation Movement and is one of the oldest lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender groups in Michigan. Playing a pivotal role, the Alliance contributed to the '72 passage of the first LGBT anti-discrimination ordinance in United States history, resulting in East Lansing becoming the first city in the country to prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation in city hiring. In addition, the group supported Christopher Street Detroit '72, the first ever Pride march in Michigan. 

Pride march down Christopher Street, Detroit, 1972.

1974: A leader in physical rehabilitation

Michigan State was selected by 50 representatives from health agencies, government, and industry to develop the first network of international rehabilitation centers based on its leadership in disability programs, research, and international outreach.

1981: MSU collaborates with indigenous peoples

The Native American Institute was established to aid North American Indian organizations. The institute collaborates with tribes on research and educational initiatives and provides information about American Indians and tribes to policy makers and the general public.

1985: A leading educator of female medical students

MSU was the first coeducational university medical school in the nation with a class consisting of more than 50 percent women.

1989: Research benefits Latino communities

The Julian Samora Research Institute was established to be the premier research institute committed to the generation, transmission, and application of knowledge to serve the needs of Latino communities in the Midwest.

1992: First Big Ten female athletics director

Michigan State was the first university in the Big Ten and the second in the nation to select a female athletics director, Merrily Dean Baker.


1992: First Big Ten female athletics director

1993: First female provost in the Big Ten

MSU was the first university in the Big Ten to select a woman, Lou Anna K. Simon, as provost.

1994: A safe place

Former MSU first lady Joanne McPherson led the establishment of MSU Safe Place, the nation’s first on-campus domestic violence shelter.

1995: First African American Big Ten athletics director

Merritt Norvell was appointed Michigan State’s 18th athletics director, the first African American athletics director in the Big Ten.

1995: First African American Big Ten athletics director

2000: American Indian and Indigenous Studies established

American Indian and Indigenous Studies (AIIS) was established at MSU in fall 2000, with the announcement of its founding director, Dr. Patrick LeBeau (Cheyenne River Sioux and Turtle Mountain Chippewa). Created as American Indian Studies, AIIS faculty voted in early 2016 to add the term Indigenous to the program’s name to reflect a growing commitment to the ways that American Indian issues in the Americas exist in relationship to global Indigenous ones. Dr. George Cornell (Sault Ste. Marie Chippewa), the initial director of the Native American Institute, was instrumental in helping create the program.

2003-04: Founding of Asian Pacific American Studies Program

Following the death of Vincent Chin in 1982, the ensuing decades of advocacy by Asian American students, staff and faculty led to the founding the Asian Pacific American Studies Program.

2004-05: The College of Law Indigenous Law and Policy Center was founded

American Indian Law routinely intersects with state and federal law matters, making it imperative for all attorneys to have a basic knowledge of the field. To ensure College of Law graduates are trained to work on behalf of Indigenous people and tribes, the Indigenous Law and Policy Center was founded during the 2004-05 school year – making it one of only a few Indigenous law certificate programs in the nation. The study of law from an Indigenous perspective is also one way to help strengthen tribal sovereignty for the next seven generations and beyond.

As an independent nation, an American Indian tribe has the right to self-govern, adjudicate legal cases, levy taxes within its borders, establish its citizenship requirements, and decide its own future. With more than 570 federally recognized American Indian tribes in the United States and still more petitioning for recognition, the need for lawyers educated in Indigenous law is critical.

2005: First female president

Lou Anna K. Simon was appointed the university’s first female president. She served in a variety of roles, including provost and vice president for academic affairs.

2005: First female president

2005: Adapted sports for all abilities

MSU held the first annual Adapted Sports Festival to promote awareness of recreational sports for persons with disabilities. People of all abilities and all ages competed in wheelchair hockey, wheelchair basketball, hand-cycling, power soccer, swimming, tennis, and weight training.

2005: Adapted sports for all abilities

2006: Committed to underrepresented students

Michigan State and three other state flagship universities announced the Michigan-Louis Stokes Alliance for Minority Participation program, a federal initiative designed to attract and retain underrepresented minorities to the fields of science, technology, engineering, and math, and to prepare them for entry into graduate programs.

2006: LBGT Resource Center founded

MSU launched the LBGT Resource Center, later renamed to The Gender and Sexality Campus Center in 2021.

2007: Bryan Newland first Native American to enroll in the College of Law graduates magna cum laude

Bryan Newland ('07), citizen of the Bay Mills Indian Community (Ojibwe), was the first Native American student to enroll in the College of Law. He graduated magna cum laude from the college and Indigenous Law Program and became a tireless advocate for clients on various tribal-related legal issues. Newland is now a trustee for the college and adjunct professor of Indian law. He served as the Michigan Native Vote Coordinator for Barack Obama's Presidential Campaign in 2008 and, through his work as Senior Policy Advisor to the Assistant Secretary of the Interior—Indian Affairs, he helped reform the Department of Interior's policy on reviewing tribal-state gaming compacts.

Newland and his law partners at Fletcher Law, PLLC, represent tribal clients on the gaming regulation, tribal-state gaming compact negotiations, the fee-to-trust process and leasing of Indian lands. Newland has given back to the college to provide opportunities for future generations of law students and tribes as a whole.

Bryan Newland

2007: MSU expands Chicano/Latino studies

MSU launched the first doctoral program in Chicano/Latino studies in the Midwest and only the second in the nation.

2007: Gender examined on a global scale

The university established the Center for Gender in Global Context. This unique program emphasizes women and gender in a global context, with distinctive programs that promote teaching, research and outreach relevant to 21st-century concerns.



2007: Gender examined on a global scale

2007: A community-engaged university

The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching selected MSU as one of the first universities to be designated as a "community-engaged university" using its Community Engagement Classification, which recognizes curricular engagement as well as outreach and partnerships.

2008: New ways of communicating

A new immersion experience was established in which students lived in a residence hall environment where American Sign Language was the primary mode of communication.

2008: Advancing faculty

MSU was awarded a five-year, $3.98 million ADVANCE grant from the National Science Foundation for the Advancing Diversity through Alignment of Policies and Practices (ADAPP) project, which is designed to increase the representation and advancement of women in academic science and engineering careers.

2008: Advancing faculty

2009: The value of diversity

Michigan State was recognized by U.S. News & World Report’s 2009 edition of America’s Best Colleges as being among the best national universities for economic diversity, campus ethnic diversity, and enrolling the most international students.

2009: National Role Model Award

MSU received the National Role Model Institution Award from Minority Access, Inc. for its exemplary efforts in and commitment to having a diverse groups of researchers.

2012: Recognizing MSU’s commitment to diversity and inclusion

Michigan State University was named one of the first recipients of the Higher Education Excellence in Diversity award from INSIGHT Into Diversity magazine for demonstrating an outstanding commitment to diversity and inclusion.

2013: MSU named military friendly school

MSU was named a Military Friendly School by G.I. Jobs magazine. The recognition honors the top 15 percent of colleges and universities that are doing the most to embrace America’s military service members, veterans, and spouses as students and ensure their success on campus. MSU continues to hold the distinction.

2014: Expanding study abroad opportunities

MSU joined Generation Study Abroad, a national effort to increase study abroad participation particularly among first-generation and minority students. MSU’s participation represents the university’s ongoing commitment to prepare students to become engaged, global citizen-scholars and leaders.


2014: Expanding study abroad opportunities

2014: Project 60/50 encourages conversation

Project 60/50 was launched to celebrate the anniversary of Brown v. Board of Education and the 50th anniversary of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Events engaged the MSU campus and greater community in a broad range of civil and human rights conversations.

2014: Project 60/50 encourages conversation

2015: New police unit

The Michigan State University Police formed an Inclusion and Anti-Bias Unit, committed to proactively addressing police and community-related issues associated with bias. The unit is one of the first of its kind for a university police force.

2015: An international campus

MSU ranks ninth in the nation—and first in Michigan—in total international student enrollment with 8,146 students in the 2014–15 academic year, continuing its long record as a national leader in attracting international students to its campus.

2015: An international campus

 

2020: President Stanley charges DEI Steering Committee and Task Force on Racial Equity

President Samuel L. Stanley Jr., M.D., forms the Diversity, Equity and Inclusion Steering Committee to carry out an extensive analysis of DEI efforts and provide recommendations for a planning process chaired by Wanda Lipscomb, Ph.D., Associate Professor in the Department of Psychiatry and Senior Associate Dean for Diversity and Inclusion in the College of Human Medicine, and Luis Alonzo Garcia, Director of Migrant Student Services. Following the tragic loss of life and movements of the summer of 2020, President Stanley asked the co-chairs and the Office for Institutional Diversity and Inclusion to appoint a Task Force on Racial Equity to offer insights and recommendations for more immediate action on DEI issues.

2021: First campus-wide Juneteenth celebration

MSU establishes the inaugural campus-wide MSU Juneteenth Celebration on June 19, 2021 on Munn Field. The celebration was the result of years of advocacy and support from various leaders on campus.

2021 MSU Juneteenth Celebration group featuring Black leaders.

 

2022: History of multicultural center updated

As part of new leadership and in response to students, President Samuel L. Stanley Jr., M.D., appointed a steering committee in late 2019 to begin a feasibility study for a freestanding multicultural center. In spring 2022, students requested updating the history to expand recognition beyond the civil rights movement to include the activism of the Council of Racial and Ethnic Students (CORES) in the 1990s, the coalition building of the Black Students' Alliance in the 2010s and the formation of the Students for a Multicultural Center Building and ongoing allyship in 2018-19 leading to the feasibility study, site selection and design process.

student sit-in in the Hannah Administration building.

 

2022: Professor of history and LGBTQIA+ studies documents 50th anniversary of Michigan's first ever pride march

Tim Retzloff, assistant professor of history in the College of Social Science and LGBTQIA+ studies in the Center for Gender in a Global Context, partnered with artist Isabel Clare Paul to document the 50th anniversary of the first ever pride march in Michigan with the comic book "Come Out! In Detroit." 

Tim Retzloff and Isabel Clare Paul distributing copies of their comic book "Come Out! In Detroit."